Material Safety Data Sheet - Stellite Tips
 

 

SECTION 1 - PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION AND USE

PRODUCT IDENTIFIER: Cobalt-Base Alloys PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (PIN): Co 100
SUPPLIER & MANUFACTURER:
Deloro Stellite Inc.

471 Dundas Street E.
Belleville, Ontario
Canada K8N 1G2

EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NO:
(6l3) 968-3481

 

This Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) provides information on a specific group of manufactured metal products used either with or without further processing. Since these metal products share a common physical nature and constituents, the data presented is applicable to all alloys identified.

 

SECTION 2 - HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS

Hazardous
Ingredient
Symbol CAS
Number
NIOSH
RTECS No.
LD50 – mg/Kg LC50
Boron B 7440-42-8 ED 7350000 300, Mammal, Oral None
Carbon C 7440-44-0 FF 5250100 440, Mouse, Intravenous None
Cobalt Co 7440-48-4 GF 8750000 6,170, Rat, Oral None
Chromium
Copper
Cr
Cu
7440-47-3
7440-50-8
GB 4200000
GL 5325000
None
3.5, Mouse, Intraperitoneal
None
None
Iron Fe 7439-89-6 NO 4565500 20,000, Guinea Pig, Oral None
Manganese Mn 7439-96-5 OO 9275000 9,000, Rat, Oral None
Molybdenum Mo 7439-98-7 QA 4680000 None None
Nickel Ni 7440-02-0 QR 5950000 250, Rat, Intraperitoneal None
Silicon Si 7440-21-3 VW 0400000 3,160, Rat, Oral None
Vanadium V 7440-62-2 YW 1355000 59, Rabbit, Subcutaneous None
Tungsten W 7440-33-7 YO 7175000 2,000, Rat, Unreported None

NOTE:   Even though there are no reported LD50 or LC50 values, there can be toxic effects from these elements. See Section 6.


PERCENTAGE OF HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS IN VARIOUS ALLOYS
:

Alloy Designations
Elements: Stellite:
1, 2, 2N, 3, 4,
5, 6, 6B, 6K,
7, 12, 12P, 19,
20, 33, 35, 95,
100, 314, Star J.
Stellite:
8, 21, 8-50.
Denertia: C1,
C2, C3, C4.
Nobilium: 1, 2.
ASTM F75.
Tribaloy:
400, 800.
Stellite:
31, X-45,
FSX 414.
Stellite:
D6, D7,
D12, 25,
188, 209.
Stellite
250.
Stellite
98M2.
Composite
#2 Rod.
Stellite:
703, 704,
706, 712,
720.
B 0 - 1 - - - - - .6 - .8 .1 - 1 < .5
C .5 - 3 .1 - .8 - .1 - 1 .1 - 1.5 .05 - .15 1.5 - 2 3 - 4 .5 - 3
Co 40 - 65 55 - 65 - 45 - 55 30 - 60 45 - 55 40 - 45 30 - 35 40 - 65
Cr 23 - 34.5 25 - 30 50 - 65 24 - 30 18 - 25 26 - 30 28 - 32 10 - 20 27 - 34
Cu 0 - 2 - 8 - 18 - - - - - -
Fe 0 - 3 .1 - 3 - 1 - 2 3 - 7 17 - 24 1 - 4 .5 - 1.5 < .3
Mn .5 - 1.5 .1 - 1 .5 - 1.5 .1 - 1 .5 - 1.5 .1 - 1 .1 - 1 .1 - 1 < 1.25
Mo .1 - 1.5 4 - 7 - - .1 - 1 - .1 - 1 .1 - 1 3 - 19
Ni 0 - 7 .1 - 4 25 - 30 9 - 12 10 - 24 - 2 - 5 .5 - 1.5 < 3
Si 0 - 2 .1 - 1 .5 - 1.5 .1 - 1 .5 - 1.5 .1 - 1 .3 - .6 .1 - 1 < 1.5
V - - 2 - 3 - - - 3 - 5 - -
W 3 - 20 - - 6 - 8 9 - 19 - 17 - 20 50 - 60 -

SECTION 3 - PHYSICAL DATA

  Stellite: 1, 2, 2N, 3, 4, 5, 6, 6B, 6K, 7, 12, 12P, 19, 20, 33, 35, 95, 100, 314, Star J. Stellite: 8, 21, 8-50. Denertia: C1, C2, C3, C4. Nobilium: 1, 2. ASTM F75. Tribaloy: 400, 800. Stellite: 31, X-45, FSX 414. Stellite: D6, D7, D12, 25, 188, 209. Stellite 250. Stellite 98M2. Composite #2 Rod. Stellite: 703, 704, 706, 712, 720.
Density lb/cu in .314 – .316 .299 – .302 .325 .310 – .311 .310 – .330 .291 .312 .365 .308 – .316
Melting Point F 2100 – 2600 2200 – 2500 2300 – 2400 2300 – 2600 2400 – 2600 2500 – 2600 2200 – 2300 2300 – 2500 2200 – 2600

Physical State - Solid; Colour - Grey; Odour - None.

 

 

SECTION 4 - FIRE AND EXPLOSION DATA

Non-Flammable;         Flashpoint - None.
HAZARDOUS COMBUSTION PRODUCTS: Various elemental metals and metal oxides may be generated during welding or other melting operations.  Refer to Section 6 for permissible exposure limits.
 

 

SECTION 5 - REACTIVITY DATA

These alloys are stable materials. However, contact with mineral acids and oxidizing agents should be avoided, as this may cause hydrogen gas to be generated, and hydrogen may be an explosion hazard.
 

 

SECTION 6 - TOXICOLOGICAL PROPERTIES

GENERAL HEALTH HAZARDS: Under normal handling and use of this material, there are few health hazards. However, machining, welding, etc., of this material can produce dust, fume, or particulate containing the component alloy elements. Particulates may present health hazards if they enter the body by one of the listed routes in amounts exceeding the exposure limits.
PRIMARY ROUTE(S) OF EXPOSURE:
INHALATION: Inhalation of metal particulates may result from welding, grinding or similar operations which generate airborne material.
INGESTION: This is not a normal route of entry. Hand, clothing and food or drink contaminated with metal dust or particulate can cause metal ingestion during hand-to-mouth activities such as eating, drinking smoking and nail biting.
SKIN: Irritation, allergic dermatitis or sensitization may occur from some components.
EYE: Contamination by airborne particulates or soiled fingers may result in abrasion or irritation.
EFFECTS OF
OVER-
EXPOSURE:
ACUTE:
Inhalation:
Short, intensive exposure to copper, chromium and manganese may cause metal fume fever – a flu-like illness. Some forms of chromium, nickel, cobalt and tungsten carbides may cause asthma.  Cobalt, chromium, boron, copper, vanadium, molybdenum, nickel and manganese are respiratory irritants.
Skin: Contact with copper, vanadium and nickel may cause dermatitis. Exposure to cobalt may cause dermatitis and other allergic skin reactions. Dermal exposure to manganese may result in increased sweating. Boron and vanadium exposure may cause irritation.
Ingestion: Although an unlikely route of over-exposure, ingestion of cobalt, copper and vanadium may cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain.
Eye: Particulates may cause irritation due to mechanical abrasion. Severe irritation or allergic conjunctivitis may result from contact with cobalt. Exposure to copper may irritate the eyes.

CHRONIC
:
Chronic health effects specific to an element may be difficult to detect due to the numerous elements in this alloy. Chronic inhalation effects may include chronic obstructive lung disease, pulmonary fibrosis, rhinitis and/or bronchitis. Chronic occupational exposure to cobalt has been associated with polycythemia (an increase in the total cell mass of the blood), bloody urine, and goitre (enlargement of the thyroid gland).
 

EXPOSURE LIMITS FOR THE CONTAINED ELEMENTS:

  SYMBOL *** (IARC 1/1/98) Group * OSHA PEL – 1/1/98 (mg/m; ) ** ACGIH TLV 1/1/98 (mg/m;)
RESP. FRACTION TOTAL DUST FUME
Boron B     (Oxide) 15   (Oxide) 10
Carbon C (Black) 2B   (Black) 3.5   (Black) 3.5
Cobalt Co (And Cobalt Compounds) 2B   (Metallic) 0.1   (Metallic) 0.02
Chromium Cr (Metallic) 3 (Hexavalent) 1   (Metallic) 0.5   (Metallic) 0.5
Copper Cu     (Metallic) 1 (Metallic)
0.1
(Oxide) 0.2 (Dusts & (Fume) 0.2 Mists) 1
Iron Fe (Oxide) 3   (Oxide) 10 (Oxide) 10 (Oxide) 5 (Welding Fumes, Dust, Total)
Manganese Mn     (Compounds) (C) 5 (Metallic) (C) 5 (Metallic) 0.2
Molybdenum Mo     (Compounds: - Soluble) 5 - Insoluble) 15   (Compounds: - Soluble) 5 - Insoluble) 10
Nickel Ni (Metallic) 2B (Compounds) 1   (Metal & Insoluble Compounds) 1   (Metallic) 1
Silicon Si (Amorphous) 3 (Metallic) 5 (Metallic) 15   (Metallic) 10
Vanadium V (Pentoxide) 0.1 (Pentoxide) 0.5     (Respirable Dust & Fume – Pentoxide) 0.05
Tungsten W         (Soluble) 1 (Insoluble) 5 STEL: (Soluble) 3 STEL: (Insoluble) 10

* OSHA PEL: Occupational Safety & Health Administration Permissible Exposure Limits.

** ACGIH TLV: American Conference of Government Industrial Hygienists Threshold Limit Value.

*** IARC Classification:

Group 1 .............................. Sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity in humans.

Group 2A ........................... Probably carcinogenic to humans.

Group 2B ........................... Possibly carcinogenic to humans.

Group 3 .............................. Not classified as to human carcinogenicity.

Group 4 .............................. Probably not carcinogenic to humans.

 
CARCINOGENICITY: Some of the elements in this alloy have been identified as a cancer risk by The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Exposure to cobalt, cobalt compounds, nickel, nickel compounds, and hexavalent chromium may cause or contribute to an increased risk in cancer among workers.
MEDICAL CONDITIONS AGGRAVATED BY EXPOSURE: Individuals who may have had allergic reaction or sensitivity to metals such as chrome, copper, cobalt and nickel may encounter skin rash or dermatitis if skin contact with this product occurs. Persons with impaired pulmonary function, airway diseases and conditions such as asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, etc., may incur further disability if excessive concentrations of dust or fumes are inhaled. If prior damage or disease to the Neurologic (nervous), Circulatory, Hematogic (blood) or Renal (kidney) systems has occurred, proper screening or examinations should be conducted on individuals who may be exposed to further risk if handling and use of this material causes excessive exposure.
 

 

SECTION 7 - PREVENTATIVE MEASURES

VENTILATION: To control exposure to airborne dust, fume and particulate, maintain the working environment below the recommended exposure limits by use of adequate ventilation.
RESPIRATORY: If ventilation is not adequate to maintain levels below the exposure limits, respiratory protection should be used. NIOSH-approved respirators with a high efficiency particulate air purifying filter are recommended.
SKIN: Leather or rubber gloves are recommended to avoid prolonged contact with the skin, and to prevent metal cuts and abrasions. Skin contact can be minimized by the use of clean, protective coveralls.
EYE: Wear safety glasses or goggles when particulates are generated.
RECOMMENDED MONITORING PROCEDURES: ENVIRONMENTAL SURVEILLANCE: Exposure to the elements identified in Section 2 can be best determined by having air samples taken in the employee breathing zone, work area or department.
MEDICAL SURVEILLANCE:Lung function tests, chest x-rays, and routine physical examinations may be useful to determine effects of dust or fume exposure.
WASTE DISPOSAL: It is the ultimate responsibility of the waste generator to determine at the time of disposal whether the product meets any hazardous waste criteria. Follow all applicable Federal, Provincial and Local regulations regarding waste management methods.
 

 

SECTION 8 - FIRST AID MEASURES

INHALATION: Breathing difficulty caused by inhalation of dust, fumes or particulate requires removal to fresh air. If breathing does not improve, contact a physician.
INGESTION: If conscious, have the person swallow copious amounts of water and induce vomiting. Contact a physician.
SKIN: Wash contaminated area with water; remove contaminated clothing, and shower. If irritation persists, seek medical attention.
EYE: Irrigate with copious amounts of water. If irritation persists, seek medical assistance. Contact lenses should not be worn if working with metal dusts and powders.
 

 

SECTION 9 - PREPARATION DATE OF MSDS

PREPARED BY: L. L. Palmateer – Quality Manager.
TELEPHONE:    (613) 968-3481.
DATE:                  January, 1998.

Copyright(c) 1998-02, Armstrong Mfg. Co., All Rights Reserved
2700 SE Tacoma St., Portland OR  97202
voice: 800-426-6226  fax: 503-228-8384
e-mail: info@armstrongblue.com

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